When to Use
The Paternoster Rig

The paternoster rig is a multi-hooked bottom fishing rig best used from an anchored boat or a pier when there's not much tide running.

Slack line should be avoided with this rig, as a biting fish will feel the resistance of the lead and drop the bait, long before it can be registered at the rod tip.

Whatever form of bottom fishing you're doing, you should use the lightest sinker that will do the job, but it's particularly important with the paternoster rig.

In its simplest form it's made up as shown below, but it's also the basic rig from which most modern surfcasting rigs are derived - proven rigs like the Portland Rig and the various derivations of the Flapper Rig.

The Simplest Form of the Paternoster Rig, with Dropper Loops

The two-hook paternoster rig in its simplest formThe two-hook paternoster rig in its simplest form

Two hooks on short snoods are the norm, although three are sometimes used.

To reduce the chance of tangles the dropper loop snoods should be tied in the line such that the hooks can't reach each other when the main line between then is tight.

Put another way, the combined length of the loops must be shorter than the distance between them.

Push the loop through the eye of the hook, and then pass the hook point through the loop and pull it up tight to the eye - that’'s a cow-hitch.

The cow hitch, used for attaching an eyed hook to a dropper loopThe cow hitch, used for attaching an eyed hook to a dropper loop

The dropper loop and cow-hitch approach makes hook changing quick and easy, but the double line snood is highly visible and may be off-putting to the fish.

Converting a dropper loop into a snoodConverting a dropper loop into a snood

To get around this, after tying a dropper loop of around 4 inches (100mm) long and before doing anything else, snip off one part of the loop close to the knot, leaving a short tag end.

This converts the loop to a stand-off snood of around 8 inches (200mm) or so.

Then tie on the hook with a uni-knot if it has a straight eye, or a snood knot if it hasn't.

Although improved, this version of the rig is still prone to twists and tangles. A further variant known as the Flapper Rig largely overcomes this problem.

This arrangement is much better than a three-way swivel!This arrangement is much better than a three-way swivel!

The dropper loop approach to making a snood is replaced by the arrangement shown here. A swivel, a couple of beads and a circular section sleeve crimped on either side to locate in place. Now the snoods are free to rotate in all directions, with the swivels releasing any twist and turns that may otherwise develop.

Artwork by Andrew Simpson

The Flapper Rig is by far the best variant of the paternoster rig to use when shore-casting, or fishing downtide (or uptide with a spiked lead) from a boat.

There are two further tweaks - a 'two up' rig, which means that both hooks remain above the sinker, and a 'one up, one down' version, where the lower hook length is much longer so that it hanks below the sinker and allows the bait to flutter around on or near the seabed.

New! Comments

Have your say about what you've just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Recent Articles

  1. Sea Fishing Rods and Reels Must Be Compatible for a Balanced Outfit

    Mar 08, 21 08:30 AM

    A quality reel fitted to a quality rod doesn't necessarily make it a quality outfit. Your fishing rods and reels have to be properly matched if you're to get the best out of them, and here’s how

    Read More

  2. Essential Lure Fishing Tips That All Saltwater Anglers Should Know

    Mar 08, 21 04:51 AM

    Which single lure fishing tip applies to trolling, jigging, baitcasting, spinning, fly fishing and any other branch of lure fishing? Well, it is the one at the top of this list

    Read More

  3. Vital Jig Fishing Tips That You Really Cannot Afford To Miss!

    Mar 07, 21 10:20 AM

    Essential jig fishing tips to help you select the right lure for successful jig fishing, together with the techniques required to get the most out of your jig fishing outfit

    Read More