Uptide rods are quite different from any other boat rod, and it's not difficult to see why this has to be ...
Afterall, they're a casting rod - but not one that needs to cast a lead great distances.
They're a boat rod, so they have to short enough to be manageable in a confined space, but long enough to cast a lead 50 yards or so.
They must have a soft-actioned tip, or any movement of the rod will dislodge the spiked lead.
But before we get into this, why bother with uptide ledgering from an anchored boat at all?
Well, downtide fishing is fine when there's just a few anglers aboard, but when a charter boatload of anglers are fishing downtide, their gear all gets swept into a narrow corridor astern of the boat, which gives rise to a couple of issues ...
None of these scenarios makes for happy, cheerful anglers - but smiles and general contentment all round can be regained by uptide ledgering.
Uptiding is a way of getting your gear out and away from an anchored boats. Specialist uptide rods are available for this, which is achieved by casting away from, and uptide of the boat.
Uptide rods, being much like a mini version of a beachcaster, are designed for casting lead weights within ranges between 4oz and 10oz, ie 4oz to 5oz, 5oz to 6oz, 6oz to 8oz, and 8oz to 10oz.
Spiked, or breakaway leads are used to hold the lead in position on the seabed where it lands.
With the line held across the tide, the water pressure on it will be high, so the thinner the line, the least affect the tide will have. Consequently in strong tides, heavy leads and thin braid lines work best.
In the UK we tend to use multipliers for uptiding, so most saltwater fishing rods of this type are optimised with small, closely spaced line guides.
But multipliers are not best suited for casting today's very thin braid lines, as the coils bind into each other on the narrow diameter spool.
Fixed spool reels with their larger diameter spools and oscillating line lay mechanisms don't share this problem, so there's much to be said for using a fixed spool reel for uptiding, providing of course you can find a suitable rod for it.
Incidentally, although uptiding normally calls for more of a controlled lob than a full-on, hairy-chested cast, it makes sense to use a shock leader. Many charter boat skippers will insist on it.